Two of the most important cities in Bolivia’s past, the colonial towns of Potosi and Sucre are closely tied in history. Established upon the discovery of plentiful silver deposits in the 1500s, the mines of Potosi were possibly the richest in all of history.
During this time, the city of Potosi evolved into an important metropolis, with a larger population than that of Pairs or London. Now a UNESCO World Heritage site, Potosi is home to the Casa de la Moneda (Royal Mint), and has also preserved several cooperative mines, giving visitors a better understanding of the city’s historical significance, as well as the mining process and the lives of miners themselves.
The royal and wealthy Spanish families who came to Bolivia to mine silver settled in Sucre, seeking refuge from the high altitude. One of the most beautiful cities in Bolivia, it is characterized by its colonial architecture, white stucco buildings, green parks and cafe-lined streets.